Why Are My Gums Bleeding

Healthy gums are pink in color and do not bleed. If your gums are bleeding, it may be a sign of gum disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue that is caused by plaque buildup. If the plaque is not removed, it can build up and cause swelling, bleeding, and redness. Here are common reasons why gums bleed: 

Gingival Recession 

One of the most common causes of gum recession is tooth grinding. Bruxism, or teeth grinding at night, wears down your teeth and can cause your gums to recede. Other forms of stress can also wear away at your gums over time, though this isn't a common cause of receding gums. 

If your dentist determines that your gum recession is due to bruxism, they'll likely recommend a custom-fitted mouthguard to protect your teeth while you sleep. This will prevent further damage to your teeth and gums and protect your investment in your beautiful new smile. 


Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, which affects your gum tissues. It causes inflammation of the gums and most likely results in bleeding while brushing or flossing. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis. Periodontitis causes bone loss and, eventually, tooth loss. After each professional cleaning, your dentist will recommend that you have your teeth cleaned every three to four months, in addition to daily brushing and flossing. If your symptoms do not improve after scaling and root planing, a referral to a periodontist will be made. 

Aggressive Brushing or Flossing 

Some people over-scrub their gums when they brush and floss, which irritates them. This can cause the tissue to become inflamed, which may bleed when you brush or floss. Your dentist can show you the right way to brush and floss your teeth to prevent gum disease. 

Tooth Loss 

When one or more teeth fall out, the gum tissue can recede and expose the tooth root. A tooth root is softer than the crown that protects it, making it more prone to decay. Without treatment, bacteria and plaque buildup on the exposed root can lead to gum disease or infection of the jaw bone. This can lead to more bone loss and even tooth loss. 

Your dentist may recommend dental implants to replace your lost tooth. Dental implants are permanent restorations that consist of a small titanium post implanted into the jaw. This post bonds with the bone and tissue in the jaw. Once healed, your dentist will place a crown on top of the dental implant to replace the missing tooth. This procedure has a high success rate and can last a lifetime with proper care. 

If you have further questions about your bleeding gums, call (480) 461-9944 and schedule an appointment with our dental office. We will be happy to answer your questions, examine you and provide you with treatment recommendations. 


Phone: (480) 461-9944

Email: [email protected]


1927 N Gilbert Rd Ste 12, Mesa, AZ 85203

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